Artocarpus heterophyllus, artocarpus integrifolius, jackfruit. Jackfruit kathal benefits and its side effects lybrate. Both the seeds and the flesh of jackfruit are consumed as curries and boiled forms, while the. Jackfruit is a rich source of potassium, with 303 mg found in 100 g of jackfruit. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus is one of the most sig. Jackfruit is rich in nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and. Developing methods for jackfruit tree artocarpus heterophyllus lamk. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus overview, health. Moraceae, commonly known as the jackfruit tree, is native to india and cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions prestes, 2000. Nutritional and health benefits of jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus.
The composition of jack jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam. Most species of artocarpus are restricted to southeast asia. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Jackfruit is rich in nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. Savored all over for its delicious sweetness, jackfruit is known for its many health benefits. The seeds can be boiled or roasted and are said to taste like chestnuts. The plant is reported to possess antibacterial, antiinflammatory. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus is commonly grown in home gardens of tropical and subtropical countries. The ash of jackfruit leaves is used in case of ulcers. Unlike its relative, the breadfruit, the jackfruit is not injured by cool weather several degrees above freezing.
This page was last edited on 23 january 2020, at 21. These therapies significantly reveal the negligible side effects on an individual. Artocarpus heterophyllus, artocarpus integrifolius. Artocarpus is a genus of approximately 60 trees and shrubs of southeast asian and pacific origin, belonging to the mulberry family, moraceae. Garlic and jackfruit which are readily available and having costefficient property are mostly preferable and showing impressive results. Jackfruit, botanically known as artocarpus heterophyllus, grows in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. This page was last edited on 25 december 2019, at 09. The phenolic types of compounds were mainly reported as the chemical constituent of artocarpus species 12.
Jackfruit is, commonly available in most asian markets. A mature tree produces up to 700 fruits per year, each weighing 0. The effects of three drying methods, instant controlled pressure dropassisted freeze drying fddic, instant controlled pressure dropassisted hot air drying addic, and freeze drying fd, on the physicochemical. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus picture the jackfruit tree is known by several other names, such as jakfruit, jack tree or at times just as jack or jak. The % inhibition is increasing with increase in the conc. Artocarpus heterophyllus jakfruit jackfruit click on image to enlarge. Pdf evaluation of jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus. Morphological characterization of jackfruit artocarpus. Jackfruit is the yellow fruit of the jackfruit tree artocarpus heterophyllus that is native to the indian subcontinent. Jackfruit is a versatile species with all its parts recommended in folk medicine for their therapeutic. The fruit provide 2 mj per kgwet weight of ripe perianth and contain high levels of carbohydrates, protein, starch, calcium and vitamins. Nutritional and health benefits of jackfruit artocarpus. Its native range is unknown but most sources place its center of origin in the region between the western ghats of southern india to the rainforests of borneo.
Jun 30, 2018 jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam. The heavy fruit is borne primarily on the trunk and interior part of main branches. Jackfruit artocarpus integra is a large tropical fruit tree with a dense crown and reaches up to 50 metres in height. Artocarpus heterophyllus, commonly called jackfruit, is a tropical to subtropical evergreen tree that is native from india to malaya peninsula. Is it a cross pollinated artocarpus by musa or a mutant jackfruit. The birds were divided into four dietary treatments of 3 replicates. The plant is reported to possess antibacterial, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties. The unripe fruits is used for for making chips and various dishes. Jackfruit tree varieties recipes health benefits and. Antibacterial effect of artocarpus heterophyllus and artocarpus communis in leaf and bark were studied against bacillus subtilis and pseudomonas fluorescence. Jackfruit or artocarpus heterophyllus is a tropical evergreen tree that grows up to 20 m in height.
In southeast asia, the seed starch is used to relieve biliousness and the roasted seeds are regarded as an aphrodisiac. The large fruits contain a fleshy portion covering oval shaped seeds. Artocarpus heterophyllus grows as an evergreen tree that has a relatively short trunk with a dense treetop. Jackfruit chakka artocarpus heterophyllus lam history. Artocarpus heterophyllus showed the doseeffect corelation with maximum linearity in case of a549 of the four cell lines at value being 0. Artocarpus heterophyllus, which is also known as nangka.
Rind powder as value added ingredient in bread abstract the main objectives of this study were to develop jackfruit based high fiber bread by utilizing jackfruit rind powder in bread formulation, and to characterize physical. Previous studies have shown that some of its compositions exhibited potential tyrosinase inhibition activities. Utilization of jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam. Pdf jackfruit and its many functional components as related to. In india, the jackfruit tree grows and produces fruit in different parts of the country, including. Acrocarpus heterophyllus jackfruit introduction jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus is one of the most sig nificant trees in tropical homegardens and perhaps the most widespread and useful tree in the important genus artocarpus. Utilization of jackfruit seeds artocarpus heterophyllus in the preparing of bioplastics by plasticizer ethylene glycol and chitosan filler maulida 1, mara bangun harahap 2, alfarodo 1, anita manullang 1 and m.
The artocarpus heterophyllus is a species of tree of the mulberry. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. On the other hand, methanolic extract of artocarpus heterophyllus against hela and mcf7 show insignificant. Artocarpus heterophyllus jackfruit question number question answer score 1. Young trees are likely to be killed at temperatures below 32 f. Phytochemical and antibacterial activity of artocarpus. Jackfruit is cultivated for its wide range of uses. Cytotoxic activity of methanolic extract of artocarpus. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam produces heavier yield than any other tree species, and bear the largest known edible fruit up to 35 kg.
It is known to be the largest edible fruit in the world. Artocarpus heterophyllus an overview sciencedirect topics. Jackfruit is recognized as the national fruit of bangladesh. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of jackfruit.
Jackfruit has diverse medicinal uses especially anti. Mixed with vinegar, the latex promotes healing of abscesses, snakebite and glandular swellings. Its origin is in the region between the western ghats of southern india and the rainforests of malaysia. Jackfruit and its many functional components as related to human. Jackfruit compiled by bioversity international was used in this study for characterising the selected genotypes during 2016 2017. Artocarpus heterophyllus taste fruits are frequently sliced and sold raw in parts of southeast asia. Jackfruit and its many functional components as related to. The effect of raw jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus seed meal jfm on performance, nutrient utilization and economics of production was investigated using 144 broiler chickens. Plants profile for artocarpus heterophyllus jackfruit.
The fruit is sweet and aromatic and has very little latex which makes it easy to handle when opening the fruit. Packed with nutrients and minerals, jackfruit is undoubtedly the jack of all fruits. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam produces heavier yield than any other. It has one or two main trunks with a smooth and dark green bark.
Jackfruit recipes are the trend now as vegans and vegetarians experiment using this delicious, tropical fruit as mock meat. Jackfruit, artocarpus heterophyllus description the tree is handsome and stately, 30 to 70 ft 921 m tall, with evergreen, alternate, glossy, somewhat leathery leaves to 9 in 22. Artocarpus heterophyllus synonyms, artocarpus heterophyllus pronunciation, artocarpus heterophyllus translation, english dictionary definition of artocarpus. This study indentified 8 new phenolic compounds, artoheterophyllins ej 16, 4geranyl2. The fruit has a grey skin, and contains a great number of pips or kernels which are about the size of a. Preparation of extract and fraction dry powder of jackfruit leaves 500 g was extracted with methanol using maceration apparatus for 3 days. A very important multipurpose tree with a wide range of uses, it is particularly valued for its fruit.
Antimicrobial effect was then compared with standard as antibiotic ampicillin. Artocarpus heterophyllus jackfruit pfaf plant database. Characterization of antiproliferative activity constituents. Trees of 15 to 20 years age group were selected for this study. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus 1 mango mangifera indica 26 passion fruit passi. It was initially spread to oceania via the austronesian expansion. Phytochemical, proximate, antimicrobial, antioxidant and. Pdf performance of broiler chickens fed raw jackfruit. The beneficial physiological effects may also have preventive application in a variety of pathologies. Mutant artocarpus heterophyllus this is a real jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus found in purwokerto, but it grows close to banana plant. The bark of the jackfruit tree is reddishbrown and smooth. Developing novel combination drying method for jackfruit. Pdf nutritional and health benefits of jackfruit artocarpus.
Improvement of jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam. Other aspect stated about the importance of effective diet plan which having endowment to reduce blood sugar level in the victim. General information about artocarpus heterophyllus abfhe india. The bole, which is usually up to 80cm in diameter but can reach 200cm, is usually unbuttressed, but can sometimes have small buttresses. Breadfruit artocarpus altilis is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry and jackfruit family believed to be a domesticated descendant of artocarpus camansi originating in new guinea, the maluku islands, and the philippines. Effects of minimal processing technologies on jackfruit. In vitro cytotoxic and antiherpesvirus properties of. Phytochemical analysis, antimicrobial and antioxidant. The use of jackfruit bulbs and its parts has also been reported since ancient times for their therapeutic qualities. Product development from jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus. Jackfruit is a posteuropeancontact introduction to pacific islands. Jackfruit is taken by mouth as an aphrodisiac or for diabetes. It looks looks like a giant dinosaur egg with short, thorny spines on it, up to 3 ft long explanation of artocarpus heterophyllus. So, in the present paper, a detailed phytochemical, proximate, nutritional, antimicrobial, antioxidant and ftir studies were performed to unravel the quality of a.
The jackfruit can be used raw as vegetable and ripe as fruit. Ginting 1 1departement of chemical engineering, faculty of engineering, university of sumatera utara, medan, indonesia. Allelopathic activity and allelopathic substance in jackfruit leaves. The jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus, also known as jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family moraceae. Buy jakfruit crisp seedling tree artocarpus heterophyllus.
The genotypes were marked and observations were made for morphological, yield and quality parameters. The effect from methanol extract of jackfruit leaves. Artocarpus heterophyllus abfheoverview eppo global. Acrocarpus heterophyllus jackfruit cm 1216 in in length but sometimes up to 90 cm 35 in. In china, jackfruit pulp and seeds are considered as a cooling and nutritious tonic, useful in overcoming the effects of alcohol. Artocarpus heterophyllus is an evergreen fruit tree cultivated in many tropical regions.
The seed contains around 55% moisture and is a good source of starch and protein. Introduction of high yielding jackfruit varieties, adhering to proper harvesting and postharvest. There are only a dozen or so bearing jackfruit trees today in southern florida, and these are valued mainly as curiosities. Studies show that food rich in potassium helps lower blood pressure. Phytochemical screening was done by using water and methanol extracts of leaf and bark of both the plants. The processing of jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam yields a considerable amount of biowaste. The jackfruit is an extremely versatile and sweet tasting fruit that possesses high nutritional value. Artocarpus heterophyllus binomen ab ioanne baptista lamarck anno 1789 statutum, qui autem heterophylla scripsit est species plantarum propter fructus omnium maximos in india orientali olim domesticata alibique sub climate tropico culta. Mar 26, 2020 jackfruit chakka artocarpus heterophyllus lam the largest treebornefruits in the world. Jackfruit is an exotic, tropical fruit that has been cultivated in the southeast asian countries for centuries. The composition of jackfruit perianth and seed has been reported. The jackfruit tree is a species belonging to the artocarpus genus, which is a member of moraceae or the mulberry family.
Accumulation of this waste is considered a health risk because it is a potential source of air. The fruit bears seed that represents 1518% of the fruit weight. The jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus, also known as jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus, a giant and unique tropical composite fruit, is grown extensively in equatorial countries in the indian subcontinent and southeast asia, such as myanmar, and also in south american countries such as brazil. Jackfruit bulbs jfbs are often sold fresh, washed only with water and packaged in polypropylene containers, which minimizes their shelf life. People eat the fruit and seeds of jackfruit tree as food or as medicine. Jackfruit bulbs jfbs are often sold fresh, washed only with water and packaged in polypropylene containers, which minimizes their shelf life and makes it necessary to consume them shortly. Kathal belonging to family moraceae is an integral part of common indian diet and is freely available in indian and adjoining continents, its medicinal properties are also mentioned in ayurveda. Jackfruit is a dicotyledonous compound fruit of the jack tree artocarpus heterophyllus l. Moraceae the evergreen, latexproducing jackfruit tree can reach up to 80 feet in height, with a straight stem that branches near the base. Artocarpus heterophyllus wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre.
Om prakash, rajesh kumar, anurag mishra,rajiv gupta. Carnes huius fructus necnon nuclei intus comprehensi comeduntur, ait lamarck, sed horridum est alimentum et aegre digestibile. It easily reaches heights of 10 to 20 meters and trunk diameters of 30 to 80 centimeters. It is a large, straighttrunked, somewhat stately tree that typically grows 3070 sometimes to 90 tall. The jackfruit tree is also renowned for its medicinal properties. It was further spread to other tropical regions of the world during the colonial era. Find out information about artocarpus heterophyllus. Jackfruit leaves artocarpus heterophyllus lam was collected from lembang, bandung, west java, indonesia. Jackfruit is a fastgrowing evergreen tree with a spreading and irregular crown, that can grow up to 25 metres tall, but is usually smaller335. Jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus lam, belonging to the family moraceae mulberry family is one of the important and commonly found trees in the home gardens of india and bangladesh. The experiment was conducted with the existing bearing trees of different jackfruit genotypes at jamalpur region during the year 20142015.653 199 1353 211 391 1598 876 144 1399 64 993 1419 1493 1421 1255 968 514 683 213 1287 971 1525 163 242 148 442 1193 1128 1186 1455 113 1503 531 1304 810 500 1045 122 1048 23 952 442 684 125 1072 488